What is Depression and Anxiety?

Anxiety, Depression

Depression and anxiety are two quite common mental health issues, and while they are often referred to together, there are important distinctions between them.

They can often be present together and sometimes depression can cause anxiety or anxiety can cause depression.

Symptoms of depression include:

  • Depressed mood
  • Lack of interest in enjoyable activities
  • Increase or decrease in appetite
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Slowing of movement
  • Lack of energy
  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors

People suffering from depression usually feel hopeless about the present and are unable to carry on with their daily lives.

Depression usually comes in waves, sometimes triggered by a memory or specific event but sometimes seemingly at random.

Most of the time, depression lasts for hours or days at a time without intervention, but if symptoms persist for longer than 2 weeks, it is advised that you reach out for professional help from a therapist specializing in depression.

Symptoms of anxiety include:

  • Excessive worry
  • Restlessness
  • Being easily fatigued
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Muscle tension

People suffering from anxiety usually feel hopeless about the future and struggle to focus on what is in front of them because of their uncontrollable fears.

Anxiety can also be triggered (separation anxiety, panic disorders, or phobias) or come on randomly and it is recommended that you talk with an anxiety counselor if your symptoms last longer than 6 months.

Some symptoms like sleep problems, fatigue, irritability, and trouble concentrating are common among both depression and anxiety.

It is imperative to know that both depression and anxiety disorders are treatable conditions, and you should not be ashamed if you need to consult a psychologist for help controlling your depression and anxiety.

That is what they are there for and they are experienced in helping people just like you.

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